Chronic Pain Management- Treatment Options

Chronic pain is very common, and most of the population is more inclined to make essential lifestyle changes to improve their overall health. Medical treatments provide permanent solutions to chronic pain and relieve the symptoms effectively. But finding the right treatment is the most challenging task as physicians need to identify the pain source to develop a perfect therapy plan. Any chronic pain treatment centre will manage pain with over-the-counter and prescription medications. But when the condition is severe, patients might require a combination of treatments to get relief from the pain.

An Insight Into Types of Chronic Pain

Managing pain with treatments is complex as what works for one person may not work for the other. Multi-modality is the best approach for any renowned chronic pain treatment centre in big cities like Chennai to manage chronic pain. Thus, when combined with exercise, physical therapy, relaxation techniques, acupuncture, and psychological counseling, medications may be more effective. There are three basic classifications of chronic pain. They are:

  1. Nociceptive pain is injury to the skin, visceral organ, muscle, bone, joint, and tendon tissues. Arthritis is a classic example of nociceptive pain.
  2. Neuropathic pain is also referred to as nerve pain. It occurs when the nerves of the central nervous system become damaged or injured. A few examples are phantom limb pain, spinal cord injury, and post-stroke central pain.
  3. Inflammatory pain happens because of the sensitization and activation of the nociceptive pain pathway by mediators released at the inflammation site. Examples of inflammatory pain are rheumatoid arthritis, herpes zoster, appendicitis, and inflammatory bowel disease.

A few more chronic pains like tension headaches and fibromyalgia fall outside the three main classifications but play a major role in determining the chronic treatment options.

Human brain illustrated with millions of small nerves.

Medications & Treatments Prescribed for Chronic Pain by a Leading Chronic Pain Treatment Centre

Over-the-counter Medications

The most common over-the-counter (OTC) medications are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen (Tylenol). Both of these can be used to relieve mild pain, but NSAIDs also help treat swelling and inflammation. The types of NSAIDs are aspirin, naproxen and ibuprofen. Any drug used for a long term will have potential side effects, and therefore it is always better to consult a physician in a reputed chronic pain treatment centre before taking them. Topical creams also fall under the OTC medication category as they relieve pain for conditions like muscle aches and arthritis.

Also Read: Pain Management Techniques of Invasive & Non-invasive Therapies

Prescription Medications

When OTC medications do not control chronic pain, a doctor will prescribe a stronger dose of medicine. The major classifications of medications are:

  • Nonopioids (aspirin, acetaminophen, and NSAIDs)
  • Opioids (codeine, hydrocodone, oxycodone, and morphine)
  • Adjuvant analgesics (antidepressants and anticonvulsants)

Antidepressants improve depression and anxiety and are very effective in treating various types of pain. If you face recurring chronic pain, reach out to a popular chronic pain treatment centre in Chennai to get treated with prescription medications. They alter how the brain processes the pain and thereby indirectly help in easing the chronic pain symptoms. The unpleasant side effects caused by medications may range from mild to severe, and some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Breathing difficulty
  • Abnormal heartbeat
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Edema
  • Swelling
  • Constipation or diarrhea

Surgical Implants & Trigger Point Injections

If the oral medications do not alleviate the chronic pain, few other options are utilized by any highly professional chronic pain treatment centre, including surgical implants and trigger point injections. The infusion pain pump is an implant that delivers the medication directly into the pain-causing area to relieve pain. Trigger points are tender areas in the muscle, and when local anesthesia is administered, it relieves the pain in that particular area. However, the pain killer medications used here are steroids, and they are used to treat chronic pelvic pain, myofascial pain syndrome, and fibromyalgia.

Alternative Therapies for Chronic Pain Employed by a Premium Chronic Pain Treatment Center

Alternative therapies are used to reduce the usage of medications and when the above discussed medicines don’t work. These therapies are effective and are better than most other invasive procedures. A few of the common alternative therapies applied by a leading chronic pain treatment centre in Chennai are:

  • Behavioural therapies
  • Physical therapies
  • Cognitive therapies


Physical therapy and regular exercise are the frequently practiced treatment techniques by a premium chronic pain treatment centre in Chennai to manage pain. As most of the pain is caused due to tight muscles, a large percentage of them get triggered by inflammation and overuse. Regular exercise will help treat chronic pain by strengthening the muscles, improving sleep, increasing joint mobility, releasing endorphins, and reducing the overall pain.


Relaxation techniques reduce muscle tension and decrease stress through massage, yoga, and meditation. Yoga is a significant practice suggested by any successful chronic pain treatment centre as it improves flexibility and strengthens the muscles, thereby helping to cope with the pain and its symptoms.

Acupunture & Acupressure

Acupressure and acupuncture are traditional Chinese techniques used to combat pain and relieve the symptoms at a top-class chronic pain treatment centre well-equipped with alternative therapies. They manipulate the key points in the body and help with the release of endorphins to block pain signals from reaching the brain.


Biofeedback is an effective technique used for pain management by a good chronic pain treatment centre in most cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, etc. This technique measures information about physical characteristics like heart rate, skin temperature, muscle tension, and brain activity. The feedback values are used to enhance a patient’s awareness of the physical changes associated with pain in the body. It is possible to train a person to manage emotional and physical pain through awareness, so this technique is very useful for most people.


TENS, known as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, is suggested by any best chronic pain treatment centre to manage pain. It uses a small electric current on specific nerves in the body. This electric current interrupts the pain signals and helps the body release endorphins.


Medical marijuana, called cannabis, is the best pain reliever. Several studies state how this particular product helps with serious illnesses like multiple sclerosis and cancer. Consult a reputed physician from any chronic pain treatment centre before using cannabis to treat your condition, as it might lead to addiction with inappropriate usage.

Wrapping It Up
With so many treatment options, it is necessary to determine which pain management method will work for us and meet our needs. JOGO is one of the best digital therapeutics clinics in Chennai, offering various treatment options and a combination of therapies to manage chronic pain symptoms.

Clinically Proven Treatment for Chronic Pain

Contact JOGO clinic in Chennai today to schedule an appointment with one of our pain management experts.


1/1,11th Cross st., Shastri Nagar, Adyar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600020.