An Elaborate Explanation on Types of Incontinences

Do you know that there are nearly 17 million people in the U.S who struggle with bladder problems? If you are experiencing unexpected urine leaks or bladder control issues, try figuring out your problem and then opt for the right urinary incontinence treatment. Bladder health issues can be embarrassing and difficult to manage as they interrupt normal life activities and prevent a person from leading a quality life. The article below provides an in-depth insight into various types of urinary incontinences.

An Overview of Types of Incontinences to Identify the Appropriate Urinary Incontinence Treatment?

We all know incontinence is a bladder control loss leading to urine leakage. Though various underlying factors contribute to urinary incontinence, six common kinds of incontinences prevail worldwide. It is essential to know them in detail to determine how to treat them effectively with the best urinary incontinence treatment.

Stress Incontinence

Stress incontinence leads to loss of urine when there is pressure on the bladder due to coughing, sneezing or performing strenuous exercises. Stress incontinence occurs mostly due to trauma caused due to surgeries, childbirth, pregnancy, etc. Stress incontinence is caused due to weak pelvic floor or urethral sphincter muscles. Thus, exercises to strengthen those muscles will reduce the severity of the problem. These exercises will act as a good urinary incontinence treatment. Most of the premium clinics in Chennai teach patients how to perform these exercises in order to improve their quality of life.

Urge Incontinence

Do you run to the bathroom often? A sudden and uncontrollable urination need is called urge incontinence. This type of incontinence causes involuntary urine leakage along with an uncontrollable need to empty the bladder. The root cause may relate to menopause, childbirth or pregnancy in most women. But in other patients, it might be because of neurological disorders like Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, etc. Simple lifestyle changes maybe the right urinary incontinence treatment technique to decrease the symptoms caused by urge incontinence. The urgency caused due to the urge to void is categorised into three types here. They are:

  1. Sensory Urgency – Sensory urgency is a severe urge to empty the urinary bladder with less urine volume. This urgency is not associated with urine leakage but only has a severe frequency of peeing. Patients with sensory urgency will be able to hold their urine even when they have an urge to use the bathroom.
  2. Motor Urgency – Motor urgency has uninhibited bladder contractions, which creates urgency and is always associated with leakages.
  3. Overactive Bladder – A normal patient uses the bathroom to pee once every four hours. Overactive bladders have unstable bladder contractions, which causes a patient to use the bathroom more than eight times a day or more than twice at night.

A male doctor is examines hip muscles of a female patient.

Mixed Incontinence

Mixed incontinence is a combination of urge and stress incontinence problems. Here a patient will have an urge to urinate during various physical activities. Women are at a higher risk of developing this problem, and statistics state that women are more affected by mixed incontinence. Men develop it only when they do not have good immunity or experience benign prostatic hyperplasia. The best urinary incontinence treatment for mixed incontinence is through proven and the latest technological advancements offered by various reputed clinics in Chennai, Bangalore, Mumbai and Delhi.

Overflow Incontinence

Overflow incontinence is a health condition where the patient will be experiencing frequent urine dribbles after immediately using the bathroom. It is caused due to bladder dysfunction. Patients who are affected by overflow incontinence are those with underlying medical problems like diabetes, neurological disorders and spinal cord injuries. Men with an enlarged prostate are at a higher risk of overflow incontinence. Physical activities to maintain one's weight and following a good diet is the best urinary incontinence treatment to reduce the severity of overflow incontinence.

Functional Incontinence

Functional incontinence is caused by cognitive and physical impairment due to diseases like Alzheimer's or head injuries. Effective lifestyle and diet changes are the perfect urinary incontinence treatment for functional incontinence, which will help in decreasing the symptoms of the problem.

Reflex Incontinence

Reflex incontinence, as its name suggests, is caused due to involuntary bladder reflexes. Here the bladder contracts to empty it without any warning. This type of incontinence is mostly caused due to injury in the spinal cord. Exercise to strengthen the spinal cord is the best urinary incontinence treatment option to get rid of reflex incontinence.

How to Make the Urinary Incontinence Treatment Effective?

There are several treatments for urinary incontinence. Pelvic floor muscle strengthening and re-training is the most effective urinary incontinence treatment. It will always be the first line of treatment in any reputed clinics in Chennai for both urge and stress incontinence. These exercises help relax the tight pelvic muscles and strengthen the weak ones. If you learn about bowel and bladder habits, you can prevent the consequences of urinary incontinence. A simple hack is to use the bathroom right before leaving the house in order to eliminate the urgent need to pee.

Also Read: An Overview of Incontinence After Childbirth

How do Urologists Treat Urinary Incontinence

Skilled urologists always learn the symptoms of the patients, study their medical history and identify the cause of the incontinence problem before prescribing any urinary incontinence treatment plans. On-site diagnostic testing is offered in a few renowned clinics across India to rule out tumours or infections in the urinary tract using urinalysis and ultrasound imaging techniques. To decrease the frequency and the severity of the leakages, you must follow dietary and lifestyle changes. Some of the most effective ones are:

  • Reducing body weight
  • Avoiding alcohol
  • Limiting caffeine

In order to avoid skin infections and rashes, patients with severe urinary incontinence problems must wear absorbent pads and change their wet clothes immediately. In severe bladder problems where the pelvic floor muscles have collapsed completely, patients will be recommended to take up pelvic floor reconstruction surgery. The other in-clinic urinary incontinence treatment options are procedures to treat enlarged prostate in men, which cause the incontinence problem.

The Bottom-line

There are various ways to treat urinary incontinence. However, you have to do the groundwork with the help of a doctor to identify the root cause of your problem and then opt for the best treatment option.
JOGO clinic is one of the well-established digital therapeutics clinics in Chennai, providing a wide range of treatments for urinary incontinence like no other in India.

Treating All Types of Urinary Incontinence

Get life-changing treatments for urinary incontinence at JOGO Clinic, Chennai.


1/1,11th Cross st., Shastri Nagar, Adyar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600020.